Since 1948, 72 PKOs have been deployed throughout the world by the UN.
As of 31 August 2019, there were 14 ongoing PKOs, including seven in Africa. The total PKO budget for 2019-2020 is $6.51 billion.
PKOs are multi-faceted and multidimensional. They are called upon to:
- Protect civilians
- Maintain security
- Assist in the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of former combatants
- Support the organization of free elections
- Facilitate the political process
- Protect and promote human rights
- Restore the rule of law
There are 98,871 peacekeeping staff deployed all over the world (86,687 police and military personnel, 10,830 civilians and 1,354 United Nations Volunteers).
121 nations provide PKOs with troops and civilian personnel.
MONUSCO in the Democratic Republic of the Congo is the largest currently-deployed PKO, with 16,762 staff.
Peacekeeping operations are central to France’s action for international peace and security. France is the sixth-largest contributor to the PKO budget, providing $381 million (5.61% of the total budget) in 2019-2020.
With regard to military operations, in July 2019, 743 French staff (military personnel and police) were deployed around the world.
The operations with the most French personnel are UNIFIL (Lebanon), MINUSCA (Central African Republic) and MINUSMA (Mali).
In cooperation operations, 320 French military personnel are active in 48 countries, providing training to future PKO contingents.
47 such French personnel train military officers in regionally-oriented national schools, international schools and PKO centres in Africa, Asia and Latin America.
Updated: September 2019