Information manipulation is not a new phenomenon, but it has taken on an entirely new dimension because of the unprecedented capacity of the internet and social networks to diffuse information and render it viral, and the crisis of confidence that our democracies are currently experiencing. This phenomenon has manifested itself in recent years through various electoral interferences; it threatens democracies and the sovereignty of their institutions. The CAPS and the IRSEM have thus joined forces to study this issue.
This report is the product of field research (around a hundred interviews in twenty countries) in order to develop a better understanding of the nature of the problem and identify good practices put in place by States and civil society. Our research is equally based on the abundant scientific literature on the subject. This report examines the causes, the consequences, and the responses to information manipulation of State origin which targets the populations of other states, concluding with a list of 50 recommendations for action.
This is the English translation of the French document which was first presented on 28 August 2018, on the occasion of the 26th “Conference of Ambassadors” organized by the Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs, and officially launched on 4 September 2018 at the Military School, at a conference which was opened by Florency Parly, Minister for the Armed Forces.
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Jean-Baptiste Jeangène Vilmer, researcher, director of the IRSEM; Alexandre Escorcia, diplomat, deputy head of the CAPS; Marine Guillaume, researcher and policy officer at the CAPS and Janaina Herrera, diplomat, previously policy officer at the CAPS.
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The CAPS is the Center for analysis, prevision and strategy of the Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs (in French). The IRSEM is the Institute for Strategic Research of the Ministry for the Armed Forces.
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Hélène ROLET, Chargée de communication (IRSEM)
01 44 42 48 51 / 06 77 04 43 01