France’s official development assistance (ODA) has increased markedly since 2014, particularly following the renewed efforts since 2017 that were confirmed by the Interministerial Committee for International Co-operation and Development (CICID) in 2018. French ODA exceeded €10 billion for the first time in 2017, reaching 0.43% of gross national income (GNI) in 2018. It stood at 0.44% of GNI in 2019.
In 2019, France was the fifth-largest OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) donor (preliminary data from the OECD DAC). In 2019, only five DAC countries met the UN target to devote 0.7% of GNI to ODA.
France ranks eighth among donors in terms of GNI percentage.
In 2019, France’s ODA reached its highest level ever, at €10.9 billion, up 5.8% on the year before (€594 million more).
Africa is a priority for the French development policy: in 2019, it received 40% of French bilateral funds (€2.7 billion), almost a third of which (€2 billion) went to sub-Saharan Africa.
France’s ODA mainly consists of grants (81% of total bilateral and multilateral ODA in 2019). France ranks fourth globally for grants, ahead of Japan.
France’s bilateral grants rose by 20% between 2018 and 2019, in accordance with the commitment of the Interministerial Committee for International Co-operation and Development (CICID) meeting of February 2018 to:
- Increase bilateral ODA;
- Make more grants, to more effectively target the most vulnerable countries.
- This has been made possible through a significant increase in AFD project grants (an extra €1 billion in commitment authorizations in 2019), a doubling of funding allocated to civil society organizations between 2017 and 2022, and an increase in the project assistance under the Solidarity Fund for Innovative Projects (FSPI) implemented by the Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs.
In 2019, five of France’s priority countries for ODA were among the 20 leading recipients of bilateral assistance: Senegal, Burkina Faso, Mali, Chad and Niger.
The three top recipients of bilateral ODA are Côte d’Ivoire (€326 million), Cameroon (€268 million) and Morocco (€250 million).
In 2018, the three main recipients of French bilateral and multilateral ODA combined were India (€414 million), Colombia (€385 million) and Turkey (€346 million).
Updated: January 2021