The Death Penalty around the World

Interactive map: The death penalty around the world

The interactive map is in French.

Today, over two thirds of the world’s countries have abolished the death penalty in law or in practice. Year after year, we can observe a downward trend in the number of death sentences and executions worldwide. Over the past 20 years, more than 50 States have abolished it in law.

To date, 106 States have abolished the death penalty for all crimes, 9 have abolished it for ordinary crimes and 29 have introduced a moratorium on executions, giving a total of 142 States. However, the death penalty is still applied in 57 States and territories.

In 2018, 20 States carried out executions, compared to 23 in 2017. The latest report by Amnesty International recorded 690 confirmed executions in 2018 (993 executions were listed in 2017, 1,032 in 2016, and 1,634 in 2015). The number of death sentences recorded in 2018 (2,531) has slightly declined compared to 2017 (2,591). It is important to remember that the real figure of total executions is hard to establish given the lack of official statistics in some countries, including China. Outside of China, 78% of executions listed in 2018 took place in four countries (Iran, Saudi Arabia, Vietnam and Iraq).

List of countries

Having abolished the death penalty:

Albania, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Burundi, Cambodia, Canada, Cape Verde, Colombia, Congo (Republic of), Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Honduras, Holy See, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kiribati, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Niue, North Macedonia, Norway, New Zealand, Palau, Panama, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Timor-Leste, Togo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela

Having abolished the death penalty for ordinary crimes:

Brazil, Burkina Faso, Chile, El Salvador, Guatemala, Israel, Kazakhstan, Peru, Suriname

Having introduced a moratorium on executions:

Algeria, Belize, Brunei, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Eritrea, Eswatini, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Kenya, Laos, Liberia, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Myanmar, Niger, Papua New Guinea, Russia, Sierra Leone, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Tonga, Tunisia, Zambia

Continuing to apply the death penalty:

Afghanistan, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Botswana, Chad, China, Comoros, Cuba, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Guyana, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Malaysia, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, North Korea, Palestinian Authority, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, Syria, Taiwan, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United States, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zimbabwe

Updated: July 2019