French assistance: institutional mechanism and delivery channels


Institutional mechanism

The French development assistance mechanism has undergone major changes in recent years. Among the major reforms undertaken, the strengthening of the management capabilities of French assistance should be highlighted, with the creation in 2009 of the Directorate-General of Global Affairs, Development and Partnerships (DGM) and a Crisis Centre (CDC) within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which is responsible for French humanitarian assistance.

Relations between the State and the French Agency for Development (AFD) were simplified and streamlined with the signature of a unique “means and objectives” contract (COM) by the supervisory authority and the creation of a strategic orientation board (COS) chaired by the Minister Delegate for Development.

The remit of the Minister Delegate for Development was redefined in 2012 in order to increase the visibility and transparency of his strategic role and missions.

Delivery channels

There are several delivery channels for official development assistance (ODA):

  • Bilateral: direct assistance from one country to another
  • European: implementation within the framework of the European Union
  • Multilateral: implementation by international organizations and programmes

France’s influence and its ability to promote its vision of the major development issues require both reactive and visible bilateral cooperation and a clear commitment within European and international institutions

Updated : 23.12.13