Q – What is France’s response to the report commissioned by the Rwandan government and conducted by the American law firm Cunningham Levy Muse on France’s responsibilities in the Rwandan genocide?
A – While we’re not surprised by the contents of a report commissioned from a private American law firm, we cannot fail to notice a certain number of inaccuracies.
Contrary to the claims made in this report, France is fully committed to prosecuting those who took part in the Rwandan genocide. The government is striving to ensure that the judicial authorities have all the resources needed to independently conduct their investigations into the suspected perpetrators of genocide residing in France. The regular missions to Kigali carried out by the judges from the Genocide and Crimes against Humanity Division of the Paris tribunal de grande instance and their teams are evidence of this. To date, 30 proceedings have been initiated by the French justice system in connection with the suspected perpetrators of genocide. Eight of them have been concluded (of which three resulted in convictions and three cases were transferred to the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.) 22 proceedings are still ongoing and nine indictments have been made.
The Rwandan genocide was one of the worst atrocities of our time. We actively supported the creation, in November 1994, of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, established pursuant to a decision by the UN Security Council. We have a duty to do everything possible to ensure that such a tragedy never happens again. Preventing genocides has become a cornerstone of France’s external action. It notably guides our efforts at the Security Council to limit the use of the veto in situations involving mass crimes.