SDG 7. Affordable and clean energy


Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

Presentation - State of affairs

Energy underpins numerous sustainable development goals. Today, over one billion people do not have access to electricity and 40% of the population uses only wood, charcoal or animal by-products for the cooking of their food, leading to respiratory diseases and numerous forms of pollution. This results in the deaths of 4 million people annually.

Thus, while energy was not included in the Millennium Development Goals, SDG 7 incorporates access to modern energy services which are essential for development. It seeks to significantly increase the share of renewables in the energy mix, at a time when more than 80% of the planet’s consumption comes from fossil fuels, while doubling the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency .

United Nations Targets for 2030

Ministry Projects

Key figures

3 000 000 000

euros contributed by France to developing renewable energies in Africa for the period 2016-2020

Examples of projects

  • France’s financial participation in Climate and Energy Initiatives: Africa Renewable Energy Initiative
  • Support for SE4ALL (Sustainable Energy for All) in Africa (2 experts posted to Africa)

The Ministry publications (in French)

Publications by implementing agencies

Useful links

Updated: May 2017