In 2007-2008, food crises linked to the sudden rise in food product prices revealed that the mechanisms which ensure food security and nutrition on a global level had fragmented. It became necessary to strengthen cooperation between players by creating specific institutions for dialogue and cooperation, but also to promote common understanding of the issues and challenges surrounding global food security.
Ten years later, due to climate change and conflict, the food security situation is worsening again. The responses of the international community need to adapt to these new challenges.
Read the FAO’s report on "the State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World"
Global governance of food security and nutrition is made up of all the mechanisms, frameworks or policies which enable the various stakeholders (States first and foremost, but also international organizations, civil society and the private sector) to sustainably improve households’ food security and nutrition. Coordination, coherence and complementarity of the actions of organisations working for sustainable food security and nutrition are necessary to find appropriate solutions and give significant support to the benefits of global food security.
Improving global governance of food and agriculture are among the priorities of France’s policy for food security.
As far back as 2008, the Global Partnership for Agriculture, Food Security and Nutrition launched by the French President chose improving governance of global food security as one of its three pillars. The French G20 Presidency in 2011 confirmed France’s ambition to work for collaborative international action. It has led and put in place initiatives such as the Agricultural Market Information System (AMIS), hosted by the FAO, and the Platform for Agricultural Risk Management (PARM), hosted by IFAD.
France promotes inclusive global governance, which enables all organizations concerned to be appropriately involved (States, international organizations, as well as civil society organizations, the private sector and research institutes).
France was one of the major driving forces behind the reform of the Committee on World Food Security (CFS)[FR] which, in 2009, became the first global platform for dialogue on food security and nutrition bringing together all stakeholders (governments, international organizations, civil society, private sector, research, producers). France supports the work of the CFS and helps in disseminating its results such as theVoluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests which include a selection of best practices aimed at preventing land grabbing.
Within the G7 and G20, France continues to promote food security as a priority, something that it started during its G8 and G20 presidency in 2011.
Lastly, France participates in the European development assistance efforts. In 2017, the European Union and its Member States adopted a “New European Consensus on Development” which applies to all European Union institutions and every Member State. The Consensus is the EU’s response to the current global trends and challenges and brings the EU’s external action in line with the 2030 Sustainable Development Programme.
Governance is also a local issue, particularly in fragile areas. The operating methods reviewed and promoted by the Sahel Alliance should ensure assistance is more effective by making greater use of local stakeholders.
• Official website of the Committee on World Food Security (FAO)
• Website of High Level Panel of Experts (HLPE) on Food Security and Nutrition
• Principles for Responsible Investment in Agriculture and Food Systems
Last updated: June 2018