There is clear scientific consensus on the fact that climate change is caused by human activity. The effects this has on our daily lives are already visible and will soon be even more so. To address this challenge, all countries adopted the Paris Climate Agreement at COP21 in 2015.
The Paris Agreement is a universal treaty, establishing a new multilateral framework for fighting climate change applied under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). It opened the way for a gradual enhancement of mitigation and adaptation commitments by all countries, including through cooperation mechanisms concerning finance, technology transfers and capacity building.
Now that it is in force and most of its implementing rules have been adopted, the Paris Agreement needs to be fully implemented. In this context, the last stage in international efforts was COP26, held in Glasgow from 31 October to 12 November 2021.
Despite the COVID-19 pandemic crisis and its socio-economic consequences, the climate emergency is still an international priority.
On 12 December 2020, on the fifth anniversary of the Paris Agreement, France, the United Kingdom and the Secretary-General of the United Nations organized the Climate Ambition Summit , to initiate momentum to step up the ambitions set out in the Paris Agreement. The summit was organized in partnership with Italy (president of the G20 and host of pre-COP26 in Milan from 30 September to 2 October 2021) and Chile (COP25 Presidency).
Updated: January 2022