There is a clear scientific consensus on climate change of anthropogenic origin, the effects of which on our lives are already visible and will soon be even more so. To address this challenge, all countries adopted the Paris Agreement on climate at COP21 in 2015.
The Paris Agreement is a universal treaty, establishing a new multilateral framework for fighting climate change and that is applied under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). It opened the way for a gradual enhancement of mitigation and adaptation commitments by all countries, including through cooperation mechanisms concerning finance, technology transfers and capacity building.
Now that it is in force and most of its implementing rules have been adopted, the Paris Agreement needs to be fully implemented. In this context, the next stage in international efforts will take place at COP26 to be held in Glasgow in November 2021.
To prevent the pandemic crisis of COVID-19 and its socio-economic consequences from relegating the climate emergency to a position of secondary importance, France, the United Kingdom and the Secretary-General of the United Nations are holding on 12 December 2020, in partnership with Italy (host of pre-COP26) and Chile (COP25 Presidency), a Climate Ambition Summit. The five years of the Paris Agreement must be an opportunity for Parties but also non-state stakeholders to scale up their ambitions in terms of commitments. France’s priority is to move forward as quickly as possible in this new phase, focusing on the action of the major greenhouse gas emitters (G20 countries) and assisting the most fragile developing countries.
Updated: December 2020