On 17 October 2019, the Heads of State and Government of the 27 Member States, at the request of the United Kingdom, agreed a new extension to the negotiation period provided for by Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. This period will last until a withdrawal agreement is ratified by European Union and by the United Kingdom and until 31 January 2020 at the latest.

However, from 31 January 2020, no option may be ruled out. It remains therefore necessary to prepare for all scenarios: a withdrawal with an agreement ratified by both parties, and withdrawal without an agreement.

The Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs is responsible for the protection of and support for French nationals abroad as well as processing visa applications for foreign nationals wishing to visit France and has set up a Brexit FAQ (in French).

Regardless of your situation, this FAQ will provide you with answers to the most common questions on the consequences of Brexit, with an agreement or without an agreement or all the ratifications.

This section will be updated as the situation changes.

For additional information, please visit the
website of the French Government
(in French)

What will happen if an agreement cannot be reached?

The European institutions and Member States have stepped up their preparations in recent months for the eventuality of a no deal Brexit.

  • At European level, notices for economic players and citizens have been published, and legislative measures have been put proposed by the European Commission. You can find the necessary information on the European Commission website
  • Within France, a bill tabled by Jean-Yves Le Drian, Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs, and Nathalie Loiseau, Minister for European Affairs, was adopted on 19 January to enable the government to take essential measures by decree in the event of a “no deal” Brexit.

Six decrees were adopted on this basis. They concern the rights of British nationals in France, emergency creation of the necessary border control infrastructure, transfer of defence-related products, road transport and the running of the Channel tunnel.

The French Prime Minister decided on 17 January 2019 to implement a preparation plan for France. As part of measures included in this action plan, infrastructure operators were invited to launch the necessary work (temporary construction and parking, for a total amount of approximately €50 million) to ensure border controls is operational on Brexit day.

Last updated: 16 December 2019