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Mozambique – Signing of a peace agreement (6 August 2019)

France applauds the signing of the peace and reconciliation agreement between the government of Mozambique and RENAMO (Mozambican National Resistance) on August 8 in Maputo.
This historic agreement is the culmination of a process that was fully supported by the EU, a member of the (…)

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France and Mozambique

Political relations

France has a long-standing neighbourly relationship with Mozambique in the Indian Ocean. The departments of Réunion and Mayotte, with a combined population of about one million, are important channels for bilateral cooperation. France also has an extensive Exclusive Economic Zone in the Mozambique Channel, around the Scattered Islands. France is also a member of the G14, an informal group which brings together most of Mozambique’s donors. Lastly, Mozambique has been an observer member of the International Organisation of La Francophonie (OIF) since 2006.

France supports the negotiation process initiated in June 2016 between Mozambique’s government and RENAMO in order to find a peaceful solution to the ongoing conflict.


  • The official visit to Paris by President Nyusi, on 20 and 21 July 2015, saw the signature of the fourth and last debt relief and development contract (C2D – 2015-2019: €17.5 million).
  • Mr Silva Armando Dunduro, Minister of Culture and Tourism, visited Paris on 18 and 19 November 2015.
  • Ms Ségolène Royal, Minister of the Environment, Energy and Marine Affairs, visited Maputo on 4 and 5 August 2016.

For Further information, pleases consult the website of the French Embassy.

Economic relations and development assistance

Mozambique’s trade with France remains limited (0.03% of French exports, making it France’s 99ᵗʰ-largest customer and 61ʳᵈ-largest trade surplus; France is the 18ᵗʰ-largest foreign investor in Mozambique) but is a source of good prospects in the medium term, particularly if Mozambique’s emergence as a major gas and coal exporter comes to fruition. An investment protection agreement has been in force since 2006. An Air Services Agreement was signed on 3 May 2017.

French development assistance mainly flows through multilateral channels (contributions to the European Development Fund and the Global Fund). Bilaterally, the Agence Française de Développement (AFD, French Development Agency) has made financial commitments of more than €1.1 billion (including €300 million of grants) since 1981, primarily in the area of energy and transport infrastructure. The AFD is also implementing Mozambique’s fourth debt relief and development contract (C2D – 2015-2019), worth a total €17.5 million (target sectors: overall budgetary assistance, vocational training, biodiversity).

Cultural, linguistic, academic and scientific cooperation

The France-Mozambique Cultural Centre (CCFM) in Maputo and the Lycée Gustave Eiffel school (429 pupils of whom 103 are French) are key vehicles for the outreach of our language and culture in Mozambique.

In terms of academic and scientific cooperation, France develops relations between French and Mozambican researchers in various areas including French as a foreign language, humanities and social sciences, and marine science. Activities on governance and for civil society are also carried out.

Military Cooperation

The military cooperation agreement which entered into force on 21 August 2004 enabled the development of bilateral relations led by the FAZSOI (French armed forces in the southern Indian Ocean).

Updated: 16 January 2018