France and Cameroon

Political relations

France and Cameroon have long-standing, intense relations. Our civilian cooperation is substantial and multifaceted (governance, health, education, infrastructure, rural development, environment, higher education, research and culture).

Recent visits

President Biya made an official visit to France in 2009. He met President Hollande at the Elysée Palace in January 2013 and also took part in the Élysée Summit for Peace and Security in Africa in December 2013, the Paris Summit for Security in Nigeria in May 2014 and the COP21 Climate Conference in December 2015.

French President François Hollande made a State visit to Yaoundé on 3 July 2015. The previous visit to Cameroon by a French Head of State dated back to Jacques Chirac’s visit in 1999. Mr François Fillon, Prime Minister, visited Cameroon in 2009, and Mr Fabius, Foreign Minister, in 2013 and 2015.

Recent visits to Cameroon: Mr André Vallini, Minister of State for Development and Francophonie (30 June -1 July 2016), Mr Jean-Marie Le Guen, Minister of State for Development and Francophonie (17 December 2016) and Mr Michel Sapin, Minister of the Economy and Finance (23 December 2016).

Economic relations

French exports to Cameroon fell 2.1% in 2016 to reach €631 million. France was Cameroon’s third-largest supplier in 2015, accounting for 10.5% of imports, behind China and Nigeria. French imports from Cameroon dropped to €262 million in 2016. France’s trade surplus was €369 million in 2016. French FDI stock in Cameroon, the third-largest in Central Africa, was €906 million in 2014. France’s highly diversified presence in the country is due to the fact that about 100 subsidiaries and 200 businesses are owned by French nationals.

Cultural, scientific and technical cooperation

Since 2006, our cooperation has been largely based on Debt Reduction-Development Contracts (C2D), a mechanism allowing debts to be refinanced through grants. The third C2D was signed on 30 June 2016, representing €611 million of grants over eight years in the following areas: agriculture and rural development (€182 million), infrastructure and urban projects (€156.5 million), budget assistance (€185 million, part of which will go to the education sector), a reserve fund which will be allocated during the mid-term review (€61.8 million), governance support (€9.8 million) and cross-cutting support and partnerships (€16.38 million).

Furthermore, the Institut français in Cameroon, with its two sites in Yaoundé and Douala, is the main tool for French cooperation with regard to culture, linguistics, academics and research.

Other cooperation

France cooperates closely with Cameroon in the areas of security and defence, mainly with regard to training, including within the framework of regionally-oriented national schools (ENVRs), such as the Yaoundé International War College (ESIG).

Updated: 26 May 2017

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