Implementation and channels of development policy - Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs France's development policy is implemented through bilateral and multilateral instruments, as part of multi-year, sector-based and cross-cutting strategies drawn up by the State and which guide the actions of its agencies. Bilateral action Bilateral official development assistance (ODA) directly to developing countries plays an essential role in French development policy: 61% of France's total official development assistance (ODA) in 2019 (€6.6 billion) was channelled through bilateral (…) enMinistry for Europe and Foreign Affairs