The adoption of the Ottawa Convention on the prohibition of anti-personnel landmines 20 years ago was a major step toward eliminating this weapon which causes extensive damage to persons during and after conflict and hampers development.
This text provides a clear and simple standard for the total prohibition of the use, development, production, stockpiling and transfer of anti-personnel landmines.
The Ottawa Convention entered into force in 1999 and now has 162 states parties. The use of anti-personnel landmines and the number of victims is decreasing. The convention also contributed to considerable progress with respect to reducing production, decontaminating mined areas and raising awareness among populations and governments. In 20 years, more than 49 million mines have therefore been destroyed.
France is committed to implementing this text as swiftly as possible, notably by destroying its stocks in 1992 and decontaminating its mined areas in 2008. It now actively works toward ensuring the universalization of the Ottawa Convention and calls on the states that have not yet joined it to do so. We also allocate considerable funding every year to affected countries to support assistance and cooperation activities, notably with respect to mine clearance training.