Q - After withdrawing from the Paris Agreement, Washington is pulling out of UNESCO, and will most likely decertify the nuclear agreement. What is your reaction to this growing rejection of multilateralism?
A - France regrets the American withdrawal and the projected Israeli withdrawal from UNESCO, an organization responsible for such key issues as education and the protection of our cultural heritage. These issues concern the entire international community and can only be dealt with at this level.
As for the Iranian nuclear agreement, France reiterates its commitment to the agreement forged in Vienna. It was part of the negotiations to achieve a solid, robust, verifiable instrument guaranteeing that Iran would not obtain a nuclear weapon. We want to see it fully implemented by all the parties. We have no comment on a decision by the American president that at this point has not been officially announced.
Multilateralism is the only way to resolve international problems through dialogue and discussion while respecting all the parties. It is the only way to establish a lasting peace, a goal enshrined in the UN charter. As President Macron told the General Assembly in September, “The challenge today, for our generation, is to rebuild that multilateralism. It is to explain that today, in the current state of the world, there is nothing more effective than multilateralism. Why? Because all our challenges are global, such as terrorism, migration, global warming and regulation of the digital sector. All these issues can only be addressed globally, and multilaterally. Each time we consent to circumvent multilateralism, we hand victory to the law of the strongest.”