France and UN Peacekeeping Operations

Creating the conditions for lasting peace

Since 1948, 72 PKOs have been deployed throughout the world by the UN.

As of 30 May 2019, there were 14 ongoing PKOs, including seven in Africa. The total PKO budget for 2018-2019 is $6.69 billion.

PKOs are multi-faceted and multidimensional. They are called upon to:

  • Protect civilians
  • Maintain security
  • Assist in the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of former combatants
  • Support the organization of free elections
  • Facilitate the political process
  • Protect and promote human rights
  • Restore the rule of law

There are 105,793 peacekeeping staff deployed all over the world (88,268 police and military personnel, 12,932 civilians and 1,354 United Nations Volunteers).

122 nations provide PKOs with troops and civilian personnel.

MONUSCO in the Democratic Republic of the Congo is the largest currently-deployed PKO, with 15,488 staff.

France’s contribution to PKOs

Peacekeeping operations are central to France’s action for international peace and security. France is the sixth-largest contributor to the PKO budget, providing $399 million (5.74% of the total budget) in 2018-2019.

With regard to military operations, in July 2018, 735 French staff (military personnel and police) were deployed around the world.

The operations with the most French personnel are UNIFIL (Lebanon), MINUSCA (Central African Republic) and MINUSMA (Mali).

In cooperation operations, 320 French military personnel are active in 48 countries, providing training to future PKO contingents.

47 such French personnel train military officers in regionally-oriented national schools, international schools and PKO centres in Africa, Asia and Latin America.

Updated: May 2019