France and the OSCE

The OSCE is the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe.

France and the European Union in the OSCE

In the OSCE, the European Union speaks with a single voice, Member States rarely take national positions. Also, the European Union accounts for 70% of the OSCE’s budget.

States define common positions in an European Union format ahead of every meeting. France’s action is therefore inextricably linked to other Member States’ action and European Union priorities.

These priorities are:

  • Resolving the conflict in Ukraine peacefully;
  • Ensuring security and stability in South East Europe;
  • Developing a strategy in Central Asia based on establishing the rule of law and improving border management to address the threats in the region: organized crime, drug trafficking, terrorism;
  • Resolving protracted conflicts, notably in the South Caucasus (South Ossetia and Abkhazia in Georgia, Nagorno Karabakh in Azerbaijan) and in Moldavia (the Transnistria problem);
  • Ensuring all participating States comply with their undertakings, including in the area of human rights and fundamental freedoms and support to OSCE institutions (Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights, High Commissioner on National Minorities, Representative on Freedom of the Media, field missions) to help achieve this;
  • Adapting confidence-building and arms control instruments to current military realities, particularly the Vienna Document and the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE).

France in the OSCE

In late 2016, some 40 French nationals were working in the OSCE. France was present in field missions, particularly in the Special Monitoring Mission (SMM) to Ukraine: 15 French nationals are in seconded posts in the field or in the head office in Kiev. Since July 2017, the post of representative on Freedom of the Media has been held by the former Minister of State for European Affairs, Harlem Désir. The OSCE’s mission in Montenegro is likewise headed by a French national, the Ambassador Maryse Daviet, Head of Mission since January 2017.

France’s financial contributions to the OSCE

In 2016, France disbursed €14.6 million in mandatory contributions to the OSCE’s overall budget of €141 million. In addition, France is funding projects with national voluntary contributions to help round out the overall budget for conducting tangible actions on the ground. A call for additional contributions has been made every year since 2014 when the Special Monitoring Mission to Ukraine was established. The budget of the mission totalled nearly €100 million in 2016 to which France contributed 11.09%.

Updated: October 2017