The Nobel Committee’s decision to award the 2017 Nobel Peace Prize to the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons testifies to the importance of nuclear non-proliferation against the backdrop of the North Korea crisis.
France would like to create the conditions for a world without nuclear weapons. It is fully committed to nuclear disarmament, with an exemplary record: halving its arsenal since the end of the Cold War, shutting down and dismantling its experimentation center in the Pacific, signing and ratifying the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, dismantling its facilities producing fissile materials for weapons, dismantling its surface-to-surface missiles and being completely transparent as regards the composition of its arsenal. France also actively contributed to negotiations which made it possible to conclude a demanding, solid, robust and verifiable agreement on the Iran nuclear program. It is committed to the agreement’s rigorous implementation.
Our policy follows the efficiency principle. France is committed to the structural arrangements of the nuclear non-proliferation treaty. As M. Jean-Yves Le Drian pointed out on August 31in his closing speech for Ambassadors’ Week, that treaty “is the most balanced, and consequently the most robust instrument in this field.”
It is for this reason that France is defending the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty’s entry into force, the negotiation of a treaty banning the production of fissile materials for weapons, and the United States’ and Russia’s continued reduction of their nuclear arsenals.