France and the International Criminal Court (ICC)

Presentation

France’s commitments include promoting the universality of the Rome Statute, fully and completely cooperating with the Court and supporting NGOs which are active in the field.

They can be seen in French diplomatic activities through the inclusion of ICC issues both bilaterally – France promotes the universalization of the Rome Statute and cooperation with the ICC to its partners – and multilaterally. At the United Nations General Assembly, Security Council and Human Rights Council, whenever necessary France defends references to the International Criminal Court when negotiating resolutions, and seeks to improve cooperation between all States and the Court for the implementation of UNSC resolutions.

France is the country which cooperates most closely with the Court, after the States in which the events under investigation took place. It was at France’s instigation that the Security Council referred the situations in Darfur and Libya to the ICC. France’s work relating to the ICC was stepped up following the introduction of a European framework on combatting impunity.

France played an important role in creating, implementing and organizing the Trust Fund for Victims. Its mission is to pay individual reparations to victims based on the reparation orders set out by the Court and to provide them with physical and psychosocial rehabilitation or material support. It has financed projects in Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Since the Court’s creation, France, which is its third-largest donor, has provided it with significant funding, with an annual contribution of more than €12 million per year.

Three French judges have been elected to the ICC since its creation. French nationality is more represented at the Court than any other.

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