Vocational training, integration and employment

Vocational training and youth employment issues

Thanks to its leverage effect on growth and employment, vocational training is vital for developing countries, in rural and urban areas. Vocational traiining helps countries ensure their food security, participate in the globalization of exchanges and better respond to economic crises. Combined with integration schemes, vocational training is an effective tool to help people – young people in particular – find a job, conduct revenue-generating activities or set up their own business.

French priorities in support of vocational training and integration

France is one of the leading development assistance donors for education, for a total of about $1.15 billion in 2011 inclusive of vocational training. Between 2003 and 2012, the French Agency for Development, the operator of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development, supported vocational training in developing countries for a total of €548 million.

The strategy governing French external action for education in developing countries for the period 2010-2015 centres around basic education and vocational training and integration into employment. The experiences and projects conducted in different countries have led France to promote a comprehensive and coherent vision of the gaining of knowledge and skills enabling a better relationship between education, training and employment.

France supports:

  • improving the quality of training and teaching;
  • enabling bridges between general education, technical education and vocational training;
  • private sector participation in organizing training courses and defining their content;
  • introducing national mechanisms for human resources qualification and the recognition of professional experience.

An example: support for business creation in Mali

The Malian youth support programme (PAJM) conducted with priority solidarity funding between 2008 and 2012, made it possible to:

  • set up a guarantee fund to enable the Malian Solidarity Bank (BMS) to grant loans to project developers selected in a completely transparent manner;
  • organize training courses (business plan, management) as tools for business creators;
  • ensure a follow-up for entrepreneurs that include supplementary 18-month-long training courses.

This project, which was entrusted to a steering unit made up of a French technical assistant and a Malian executive from the Ministry of Youth and Sports, led to the training of 600 young people in entrepreneurship and the creation or development of 320 micro-enterprises and small enterprises, and to the hiring of more than 1,000 employees.


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Updated : May 2014