Education in the Millennium Development Goals

The Millennium Development Goals on universal primary education and equality in education between boys and girls by 2015 (MDG 2 and MDG 3) have considerably improved access to primary education. The number of out-of-school children in the world fell from 106 million in 1999 to 61 million 2010, with the primary enrolment ratio reaching 89% at global level and 88% for girls.

Yet access to education did not come with equivalent progress in terms of the quality of learning, equity and inclusion of the most fragile and most marginalized people. Being a girl, being poor or living in a conflict area increases the probability of being out of school.

Enrolment has reached a ceiling for the first time since 2000 (with 57 million out-of-school children in 2013) or even declined as in sub-Saharan Africa (with 31 million out-of-school children in 2010 as against 29 million in 2008) and the majority of African countries will not be able to reach the goal of universal primary education by 2015.

Discussions have started at international level to define a global vision of post-2015 development. France has set up a working group made up of researchers, representatives of civil society organizations and development operators in order to create a platform for exchanges on post-2015 issues in the education sector. This platform has drawn up a French position on education in the post-2015 Development Agenda.

In addition to traditional aid, the post-2015 Framework for Action is to take account of emerging donors, innovative financing, the role of the private sector, migrants’ remittances as well as, of course, the mobilization of domestic resources.

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Updated : May 2014