Geographically focalize French aid

As in all sectors, the need for more geographically
concentrated aid and a more suitable choice of instruments and forms of aid was clearly identified through the recent peer review of the Development Assistance Committee (OECD 2008). This recommendation is in line with the orientations defined by the French President and with the conclusions of the Interministerial
Committee for International Co-operation and Development, which met on 5 June 2009.
The Education, Training and Integration Strategy will
focus on the first two categories.

Priority poor countries

Mainly in French-speaking sub-Saharan African
countries with close ties to France (Benin, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ghana, Guinea-Conakry, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, Togo).

A Project in Guinea (2002-2008)

In 2002, a R6.5 million subsidy was granted to three
prefectures in northern Guinea chosen from among the least advanced in the primary enrolment process.
Thanks to this project, carried out under harsh conditions (isolated mountainous regions previously
neglected by partners) and completed in June 2008,
180 classrooms were built, 29 others were renovated,
210 classrooms were equipped with school furniture, and 59 offices and stores, 59 dispensaries and 37 watering points were built. The project also financed new buildings for the three prefectural headquarters, continuing education for teachers and supervisory staff, additional funds for the operation of services combined with the application of good management rules, the implementation of a school mapping tool and three annual student evaluation surveys. Lastly, the project helped finance training for members of local government and parent associations involved in school management, and enabled the creation of six centers for youth integration, 658 school projects and the purchase of educational materials for 700 schools.

The NGO Aide et Action helped finance the project and acted as delegated project owner. At the end of the project, enrolment statistics from the three districts showed a significant increase in the gross enrolment ratio, higher completion rates and improved student evaluation results.

Illust: French high school, 95.7 kb, 300x200
French high school in Nairobi ©MAEE/F. de La Mure

Moderate income countries

Essentially African countries with moderate income levels and close ties to France, where French aid will
primarily aim to support economic growth and promote cultural diversity, training of elites, governance and co-development projects.

Debt reduction and Development agreement (“C2D”) For education in Cameroon (since 2007)

In May 2007, France donated €40 million to the Cameroonian education sector as part of a “C2D” debt reduction and development agreement. This was chiefly provided in the form of degressive financial assistance over a five-year period, combined with the creation of a
policy to stabilize the status of substitute teachers and teachers formerly paid by parents.
At end 2009, two thirds of the amount was paid in recognition of the smooth implementation of the target policy. In all, 30,600 teachers earned civil service Category 8 status (60 per cent of primary teachers). Audits show good overall compliance with procedures, improved geographical distribution of teachers (despite a decrease from 45 in 2005 to 37 in 2009) as well
as satisfaction among teachers, pedagogical supervisors and parents. The Fast Track Initiative catalytic fund also donated €39 million to support this reform.

Updated on : April 2010