Third Review Conference of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons (18-29.06.2018)

Illegally possessed and traded Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) continue to make a high number of victims each every day, all over the world, and contribute to fuel conflicts, terrorism, organized crime or street violence.

To address this problem, in 2001 Member States of the United Nations unanimously adopted the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (PoA). This is the only consensual and universal instrument on small arms and light weapons.

The PoA is based on a series of political commitments and contains concrete recommendations to better combat the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons around the world, particularly regarding the collection and destruction of illegal weapons, the strengthening of import and export control procedures, public awareness raising, the improvement of the physical security and management of stockpiles, and to step up cooperation and international assistance in this area.

The mobilization of States within the Programme of Action has led to significant progress in combatting the illicit trafficking of firearms. In 2005, at the initiative of France and Switzerland, the PoA was supplemented by the International Tracing Instrument which seeks to establish international standards on marking and tracing small arms and light weapons.

France will chair the Third Review Conference of the United Nations Programme of Action, to be held in New York on 18-29 June. This will be a unique opportunity to make progress in the fight against the illicit trafficking of small arms and light weapons.

The Review Conference will be chaired by Mr Jean-Claude Brunet, French Ambassador-at-large on transnational criminal threats and the fight against the illicit trafficking of small arms and light weapons.

France has conducted a comprehensive, transparent and inclusive preparatory process. Many consultations have already been organized with States, regional organizations and civil society, which will continue until June. The Preparatory Committee, which was held in New York on 19-23 March 2018, helped to confirm States’ strong interest in this Review Conference, and the relevance of the priorities driven by the French presidency:

Combating the diversion of small arms and light weapons, which is an essential issue in order to prevent them from being used by unauthorized groups and individuals. To prevent these weapons from falling into the wrong hands, criminals or terrorists in particular, transfer controls must be strengthened to prevent them from being diverted to unauthorized end-users, and the security of storage sites must be improved. The French presidency will work with States to identify concrete responses to these challenges.

Combating the illicit manufacturing and transformation of firearms. In this area, technological innovations, the reactivation or conversion of weapons which are supposed to be non-operational and the continued use of artisanal manufacturing practices must encourage States to take action to clarify regulations.

Strengthening cooperation and international assistance, to foster the concrete implement of the Programme of Action by all States. The French presidency is mobilized to ensure that cooperation and assistance is carried out efficiently, by encouraging a cooperation policy based on the needs of States, long-term support, and dialogue between donors and recipients.

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