Although the mortality rate for malaria dropped 60% between 2000 and 2015, preventing the deaths of seven million people, the World Health Organization warns that progress has stalled in the fight against this pandemic. In 2016, there were 216 million cases of malaria, i.e., five million more cases than in 2015, which caused 445,000 deaths, 91% of them in Africa.
In line with its commitment to the sustainable development goals, France is taking concrete action on malaria.
Our country is the second-largest contributor to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. With more than $9.1 billion invested in programs to fight malaria since 2002 in more than 100 pays, this fund has made it possible to distribute 795 million mosquito nets impregnated with insecticide and to treat 668 million cases, thereby reducing the number of deaths by 50% in the countries where it operates.
France is also a founding member and leading donor of Unitaid, which allocates $225 million to the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of malaria. The organization invested $68 million in a project aimed at assessing the effectiveness in children under five years of age of a preventive treatment administered during the rainy season. Between 2015 and 2017, this project prevented 10 million cases and 60,000 deaths. With maximum coverage of this preventive treatment, 18 million cases of malaria could be avoided by 2022, saving more than 100,000 lives.
Finally, through the 5% Initiative, aimed at building the capacity of French-speaking countries by additional contributions on top of Global Fund subsidies, implemented in 2011 by Expertise France, an operator of the Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs, France has also committed more than €14 million through technical assistance missions, long-term projects, and funding operational research projects.
The French Development Agency, the pharmaceutical industry, civil society and the research community are also contributing to our country’s mobilization.