National public institutions
The Interministerial Committee for International Cooperation and Development (CICID) and its co-secretariat
The CICID “sets the trends for France’s policy of international cooperation and development assistance”. Chaired by the Prime Minister, it assembles the Ministries directly concerned by development assistance (Foreign Affairs, Development, Finance, Education, Higher Education and Research, Interior, Defence, Environment, Budget, Foreign Trade, Overseas France).
Since its creation in 1998, the CICID has met on nine occasions. The most recent meeting was on 31 July 2013, at which 28 decisions were enacted, based around four main themes combining to redefine our development policy.
The CICID co-secretariat is a flexible and operational structure which monitors the implementation of CICID decisions and the progress of development assistance policy. The co-secretariat meetings take place more regularly than those of the CICID, under the alternating chairmanship of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of the Economy and Finance. The French Agency for Development (AFD), upon invitation from the chairs, attends the meetings.
The DGM operates the joint CICID secretariat on behalf of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. It has a broad remit:
It defines and implements France’s action in economic and societal areas with regard to international organizations and globally-oriented intergovernmental organizations and mobilizes France’s network abroad on global issues;
On behalf of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, it helps define policies relating to global public goods;
On behalf of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, it supervises French international cooperation operators, particularly the AFD;
It is also involved in developing and implementing international cooperation in the governance sector;
It monitors the international action of non-governmental organisations;
It supports the action of local government as part of decentralized cooperation.
The new structure of the Directorate-General of Global Affairs, Development and Partnerships (DGM) has been in place since 1 March 2013.
This restructuring allows the DGM to work more transparently, in particular with regard to external partners. It structures the Directorate-General around its three main missions, which are dealt with by three sectoral departments:
economic diplomacy with a Business and Global Economy Directorate, whose role is to support French companies abroad, monitor strategic sectors for the French economy, analyze economic issues of globalization and help define its governance. It works in close collaboration with our Embassies, which are implementing an enhanced economic action plan;
development policies, with a Development and Global Public Goods Directorate which brings together all competences related to development strategies;
soft diplomacy with a Cultural, Academic and Research Cooperation Directorate which implements French outreach policies in those areas.
The Directorate-General of the Treasury co-manages cooperation policy for the Ministry of the Economy and Finance and is responsible for relations with international financial institutions, debt issues (Secretariat of the Paris Club), monetary cooperation with countries in the CFA Franc Zone, financial cooperation and commercial policies (negotiations on development within the framework of the World Trade Organization).
The French Agency for Development (AFD)
The AFD is the key operator for implementing the development policy defined by the State, in terms of financial volumes (it implements almost two-thirds of the programmable bilateral aid) and the extent of its geographical and sectoral fields of action.
On 31 July 2013, the CICID, chaired by the Prime Minister, enacted the creation of the National Council for Development and International Solidarity (CNDSI). This Council intends to become a forum for dialogue between NGO representatives, the private sector, higher education and research institutions, local government, and members of Parliament on the goals and major issues linked to the consistency of public policies on development. In collaboration with the various existing consultative bodies, the CNDSI examines the issues and trends of French development policy and the issues regarding its implementation, such as consistency, transparency and accountability.
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Updated : 23.12.13