France and EU Development Policy


In 2017, 21% of French ODA, or €2.1 billion, went through the EU channel. France is the second-largest contributor to the European Development Fund (EDF) and through its contribution to the Community budget, helps finance other European development instruments, including:

  • the Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI),
  • the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR), and
  • the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI).

France also seeks to leverage EU funding. Under the Agenda for Change, it promotes the convergence of its geographical and sectoral priorities with EU development policy.

France supports joint programming by the European Union and the Member States and will contribute to further efforts still required to synchronize the cycles of the different donors with those of partner countries.

France thus conducts a policy of influence and partnership so that its bilateral action and European action truly complement one another. It acts as a donor and partner in the implementation of joint projects. This is to enable France to be influential in establishing priorities and strategies of the organizations concerned, to increase the visibility and impact of our bilateral assistance and to reach sectors or countries that are difficult to access through an isolated action.

Development cooperation is a shared competence of the European Union and Member States. The European Parliament and Council decide on its implementation in accordance with it ordinary legislative procedure. The European Union is the number-one development assistance donor in the world.

Updated: April 2019