France and Somalia

Bilateral relations

France’s action and support in Somalia is mainly channelled through the United Nations and the European Union. Since 2017, the European Union has spent close to €1.4 billion through the African Peace Facility (APF) in order to finance AMISOM (France has contributed €230 million to this spending). On average, it allocates €170 million each year to development projects in four main areas: governance, education, the social sector and economic development; of which France contributes 18%. France also contributes to EU actions supporting the stabilization of Somalia and the fight against maritime piracy in the Horn of Africa, through three missions: EUNAVFOR Atalanta (operation to combat piracy off the coast), EUTM Somalia (training of Somali armed forces), and EUCAP Somalia (maritime and judicial capacity building to combat piracy). France contributes financially, through its compulsory contributions, to the UN scheme financing a logistical support package for the African Union Military Observer Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), disbursed by the United Nations Support Office for AMISOM (UNSOS) – currently $472 million – as well as to a political mission on the ground (United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia, UNSOM).

Updated: 19 May 2017