Relations between France and Madagascar are strong and friendly thanks to the historical, cultural and economic ties that unite our two countries and the solidarity between Indian Ocean Commission (IOC) member countries.


  • 13-14 March 2018: visit to Antananarivo by Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne, Minister of State attached to the Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs. Meetings with the President of the Republic of Madagascar, Mr Hery Rajaonarimampianina, and Mr Henry Rabary-Njaka, Minister of Foreign Affairs.
  • 2 March 2018: meeting in Paris between Mr Jean-Yves Le Drian, French Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs, and his counterpart, Mr Henry Rabary-Njaka.
  • 28 June 2017: visit to Paris by the President of the Republic of Madagascar, Mr Hery Rajaonarimampianina. Meeting with the President of the French Republic, Mr Emmanuel Macron.
  • 26-27 November 2016: visit to Antananarivo by the President of the French Republic, Mr François Hollande, and several French Ministers, for the 16th Francophonie Summit. Meeting between the two Presidents.
  • 4 March 2016: Meeting in Paris between Madagascar’s Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ms Béatrice Atallah, with the French Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Development, Mr Jean-Marc Ayrault.

Economic relations and official development assistance

France is a major economic player in Madagascar as its:

  • its largest trading partner with trade worth €974 million in 2017;
  • its leading customer (22 % of Madagascar’s exports in 2017);
  • its fourth-largest supplier in 2017, behind China, India and the United Arab Emirates (UAE);
  • its leading bilateral donor, through the Agence Française de Développement (AFD, French Development Agency) which committed €77.3 million (authorizations, excluding ARIZ risk-sharing guarantees) in Madagascar in 2017;
  • its leading source of tourists (close to 150,000 visitors in 2016, representing almost one in two tourists). The number of tourists visiting Madagascar fell in 2017 because of the plague epidemic at the end of the year.

French official development assistance (ODA) to Madagascar stood at €34.7 million in 2016: €14.7 million through multilateral channels (98% via the European Development Fund – EDF) and €20 million bilaterally (including €16.8 million via the AFD). A Partnership Framework Document (PFD) was signed in November 2016 with the Malagasy authorities for the 2016-2020 period. This document followed on from the PFD 2006-2010, whose renewal had been suspended due to the 2009 crisis.

Cultural, scientific and technical cooperation

The French cultural network in Madagascar is particularly strong, with a cultural centre in Antananarivo, a technical and economic information centre and Alliance Française branches (29 centres), which welcomed over 26,000 students in 2015. With 23 approved establishments, Madagascar is the fourth-largest French-teaching network of the Agency for French Education Abroad (AEFE) in terms of student numbers, with an enrolment of 11,000 for the 2017 intake.

The second France-Madagascar Decentralized Cooperation Meetings were organized in Antananarivo from 5-7 March 2018, with 450 participants from the two countries.

Updated: March 2018