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France and Madagascar

Political relations

Relations between France and Madagascar are strong and friendly thanks to the historical, cultural and economic ties that bind our two countries and the solidarity between Indian Ocean Commission (IOC) member countries.


  • 18-19 January 2019: visit to Antananarivo by Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne, Minister of State attached to the Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs. Meeting with Andry Rajoelina, President of the Republic of Madagascar.
  • 11 November 2018 : visit to Paris by Eloi Alphonse Maxime Dovo, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Madagascar, to attend the commemorations of the centenary of the end of the First World War and the Paris Peace Forum.
  • 13-14 March 2018: visit to Antananarivo by Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne, Minister of State attached to the Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs. Meetings with the President of the Republic of Madagascar, Hery Rajaonarimampianina, and Minister of Foreign Affairs, Henry Rabary-Njaka, .
  • 2 March 2018: meeting in Paris between Jean-Yves Le Drian, French Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs, and his counterpart, Henry Rabary-Njaka.
  • 28 June 2017: visit to Paris by the President of the Republic of Madagascar, Hery Rajaonarimampianina. Meeting with the President of the French Republic, Emmanuel Macron.
  • 26-27 November 2016: visit to Antananarivo by the President of the French Republic, François Hollande, and several French Ministers, for the 16th Francophonie Summit. Meeting between the two Presidents.
  • 4 March 2016: Meeting in Paris between Madagascar’s Minister of Foreign Affairs, Béatrice Atallah, with the French Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Development, Jean-Marc Ayrault.

Economic relations and official development assistance

France is a major economic player in Madagascar as:

  • Its largest trading partner with trade worth €974 million in 2017;
  • Its leading customer (22% of Madagascar’s exports in 2017);
  • Its fourth-largest supplier in 2017;
  • its the leading bilateral donor through the Agence Française de Développement, which allocated €47 million to Madagascar in 2018 (authorizations, excluding ARIZ risk-sharing guarantees);
  • its leading source of tourists (close to 150,000 visitors in 2016, representing almost one in two tourists).

French official development assistance (ODA) to Madagascar stood at €75.6 million in 2017: €27.2 million in multilateral and €48 million in bilateral assistance.

A Partnership Framework Document (PFD) was signed in November 2016 with the Malagasy authorities for the 2016-2020 period.

Cultural, scientific and technical cooperation

The French cultural and scientific network is extensive in Madagascar: French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development (CIRAD), French Research Institute for Development (IRD), international technical experts working at the Pasteur Institute of Madagascar, the Institut Français of Madagascar, 29 Alliance Française branches and 23 approved schools (11,000 students enrolled for the 2017-2018 academic year), fourth-largest French-teaching network of the Agency for French Education Abroad (AEFE) in terms of student numbers.

Decentralized cooperation (especially on the part of Réunion) is very active in Madagascar with a budget of €7 million every year. The second France-Madagascar Decentralized Cooperation Meetings were organized in Antananarivo from 5-7 March 2018, with 450 participants from the two countries.

Updated: February 2019