France and Iraq co-chaired a ministerial meeting for the stabilization of Mosul in Paris, on 20 October 2016, bringing together Bahrain, Canada, China, Egypt, Germany, Iran, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kuwait, the Netherlands, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom and the United States, as well as the United Nations, the European Union and the League of Arab States.
The Paris meeting came at a decisive moment in the campaign of the Iraqi and Global Coalition forces to bring down the terrorist organization Daesh, as operations to free the city of Mosul and the surrounding area begun.
The meeting’s participants welcomed the courage of the Republic of Iraq’s armed forces and the Peshmergas, as well as of the members of the Coalition’s various armed forces supporting them. They also remembered the fighters who have fallen in the fight against Daesh (Iraqi police and armed forces, peoples’ and tribes’ mobilization and the Peshmergas), and the considerable sacrifices endured by the Iraqi people.
The participants highlighted the remarkable progress made by Iraq in the face of Daesh since summer 2014 and the creation of the Global Coalition: the stop brought to the offensives of the terrorist group, then the counter-offensives by the Coalition forces and successive victories achieved over the adversary in the last year. They reaffirmed their commitment to the unity, territorial integrity and sovereignty of Iraq, and expressed their solidarity and determination to continue supporting Iraq, at its request and with full respect for its sovereignty, in the fight against Daesh and for the liberation of Mosul.
Convinced that destroying Daesh in Iraq will help rid the world of this threat, they stressed their determination to ensure that the operations to free Mosul, planned and carried out by Iraq with the support of the international community, guarantee the most effective neutralization possible of the terrorists.
The meeting helped emphasize the absolute need to do everything possible to ensure, with respect for human rights and in accordance with international humanitarian law, protection of civilian populations which are currently victims of Daesh’s barbaric actions and which remain trapped in Mosul or exposed in combat areas.
The participants expressed their solidarity and mobilization vis-à-vis the Iraqis given the scale of humanitarian needs, and agreed to continue the efforts deployed in the area of emergency humanitarian aid and immediate stabilization, in support of the Iraqi government and local authorities, including under the coordination of the United Nations. Iraq’s partners declared their availability to assist Iraq in its reconstruction efforts, in particular by providing expertise, know-how and appropriate financial support.
The participants highlighted the strategic and humanitarian stakes of stabilizing Mosul and the surrounding area, as well as all areas freed from Daesh control, in order to allow the voluntary, sustainable and safe return of the millions of internally displaced persons to their homes.
In order to defeat Daesh in the long term, the participants called for a comprehensive political agreement between Iraqi national authorities and local players, so as to guarantee strengthened governance of Mosul and the surrounding area that is inclusive, respects the diversity of the population, and guarantees peaceful coexistence.
The participants commended the Iraqi government’s determination to implement governance reforms and a national reconciliation process, which are essential to address the aspirations of the Iraqi people as a whole and to respect the unity of Iraq.