Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Doha – Final Agreement (December 8, 2012)
The agreement reached on December 8 at the conclusion of the Doha conference includes advances that are modest but essential to ensuring continued international commitment to combating the threat of climate change.
France, represented by Laurent Fabius, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ms. Delphine Batho, Minister of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy, Mr. Pascal Canfin, Minister Delegate for Development, and the European Union underscored throughout the conference the lack of efforts to combat climate change and the need to make further progress with respect to the environmental transition in order to reduce greenhouse gases.
The EU and France committed in Doha to a second commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol, thus extending this agreement on reducing greenhouse gases until 2020. Efforts must be made over the next few years to raise the level of ambition of the emission reductions in order to limit global warming to less than 2°C.
The final compromise will also make it possible to strengthen efforts to mobilize $100 billion by 2020 to help the poorest and most vulnerable countries. A work program should make it possible to increase the amount of funding to combat climate change. In this context, France will devote a portion of its tax on financial transactions to funding the fight against climate change, notably within the framework of the Green Climate Fund.
The agreement also identifies a work program to develop a global agreement that will apply to everyone from 2020. At the Doha conference, France reaffirmed its proposal to host the Conference of the Parties in 2015 which should lead to this new global agreement.