Recognizing that serious violations of humanitarian law were committed in Rwanda and acting in accordance with Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, the Security Council, through its resolution 955 (1994) of 8 November 1994, created the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR).
This measure was also intended to contribute to the process of national reconciliation in Rwanda and to peacekeeping in the region.
The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda was created to prosecute the persons responsible for genocide and other serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in the territory of Rwanda and Rwandan citizens responsible for genocide and other such violations committed in the territory of neighbouring States between 1 January and 31 December 1994.
16 permanent judges elected for four years by the United Nations General Assembly.
Prosecutor: Mr. Hassan Bubacar Jallow (Gambia)
- International Court of Justice
- Court of Justice of the European Union
- European Court of Human Rights
- International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea