The Death Penalty around the World
Today, over two thirds of the world’s countries have abolished the death penalty in law or in practice. We can observe a downward trend in the number of death sentences and executions worldwide. Over the past 20 years, more than 50states have abolished it in law.
To date, 104 states have abolished the death penalty for all crimes, 6 have abolished it for ordinary crimes and 31 have introduced a moratorium on executions, giving a total of 141 states. However, the death penalty is still applied in 58states and territories.
In 2015, 25 states carried out executions. The latest report by Amnesty International counts 1634 executions in 2015, compared to 607 in 2014 (a rise of over 50%) and 778 in 2013. The number of death sentences handed down has dropped however from a record 2466 in 2014 to 1998 in 2015. 89% of recorded executions in 2015 were carried out in Saudi Arabia, Iran or Pakistan. It is important to remember that the real figure of total executions is hard to establish given the lack of official statistics in some countries, including China.
that have abolished the death penalty:
Albania, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Burundi, Cambodia, Canada, Cape Verde, Colombia, Congo (Brazzaville), Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Honduras, Holy See, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kiribati, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Niue, Norway, New Zealand, Palau, Panama, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Timor-Leste, Togo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela
that have abolished the death penalty for ordinary crimes
Brazil, Chile, Israel, Kazakhstan, Peru, ElSalvador
that have introduced a moratorium on executions
Algeria, Benin, Brunei, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic,Eritrea, Ghana, Grenada, Kenya, Laos, Liberia, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Myanmar, Nauru, Niger, Papua New Guinea, Russia, Sierra Leone, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Tonga, Tunisia, Zambia
that continue to apply the death penalty
Afghanistan, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Botswana, Chad, China, Comoros, Cuba, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Malaysia, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, North Korea, Palestinian Authority, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, Syria, Taiwan, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United States, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zimbabwe
Updated: 17 June 2016
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