The Death Penalty around the World

Interactive map: The death penalty around the world (in French)

Today, over two thirds of the world’s countries have abolished the death penalty in law or in practice. We can observe a downward trend in the number of death sentences and executions worldwide. Over the past 20 years, more than 50 States have abolished it in law.

To date, 106 States have abolished the death penalty for all crimes, 7 have abolished it for ordinary crimes and 29 have introduced a moratorium on executions, giving a total of 142 States. However, the death penalty is still applied in 57 States and territories.

In 2016, 23 States carried out executions. The latest report by Amnesty International recorded 1,032 confirmed executions in 2016 (1,634 executions were listed in 2015, 607 in 2014, and 778 in 2013). The number of death sentences (3,117) is rising rapidly compared to 2015 (1,998 sentences). It is important to remember that the real figure of total executions is hard to establish given the lack of official statistics in some countries, including China. Outside of China, 87% of executions listed in 2016 took place in four countries (Iran, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Pakistan).

List of countries

Having abolished the death penalty:
Albania, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Burundi, Cambodia, Canada, Cape Verde, Colombia, Congo (Republic of), Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Honduras, Holy See, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kiribati, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Niue, Norway, New Zealand, Palau, Panama, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Timor-Leste, Togo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela

Having abolished the death penalty for ordinary crimes:
Brazil, Chile, Guinea, Israel, Kazakhstan, Peru, El Salvador

Having introduced a moratorium on executions:
Algeria, Benin, Brunei, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic,Eritrea, Ghana, Grenada, Kenya, Laos, Liberia, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Myanmar, Nauru, Niger, Papua New Guinea, Russia, Sierra Leone, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Tonga, Tunisia, Zambia

Continuing to apply the death penalty:
Afghanistan, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Botswana, Chad, China, Comoros, Cuba, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guatemala, Guyana, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Malaysia, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, North Korea, Palestinian Authority, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, Syria, Taiwan, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United States, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zimbabwe

Updated: May 2017

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