France welcomes the adoption by the United Nations in New York of the “2030 Agenda”, which sets out 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).
This first universal initiative provides a new framework for the development sector in the coming 15 years. It follows on from the 8 Millennium Development Goals (MDG), which were implemented from 2000 onwards and brought real progress in combating hunger, poverty and infant mortality and in promoting access to water and education.
Unlike the Millennium Development Goals, the new Sustainable Development Goals are comprehensive and cover all development issues, in both the North and the South. As such, in addition to general goals of reducing poverty, they also include goals on environmental protection and gender equality, for example.
The adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals for the planet is an ambitious policy that will pay off in the long term, and each country is bound to contribute. Moreover, these are not abstract principles disconnected from the real world: to better monitor their achievement, 169 precise indicators come with the goals. As regards resources, the Addis Ababa Conference on Financing for Development in July 2015 invited a broad coalition of local, public and private stakeholders to commit to financing the achievement of these goals, drawing on a renewed commitment from industrialized countries – such as those of the EU – to devote 0.7% of their national income to official development assistance (ODA) by 2030.