Accountability is the process by which France explains to its citizens the way in which Official Development Assistance (ODA) funds are used and the outcomes of the activities implemented as a result.
In recent years, France has reinforced and improved its accountability practices. The first biennial report to Parliament on the implementation of the French strategy for development cooperation was published in2012, in accordance with the commitment made by the government in the Framework Document.
It presents a five-part evaluation of the initiatives carried out, in comparison to the strategy outlined in2010:
- review of the progress made in the four major areas of French development policy;
- review of France’s cross-cutting work to promote a general approach to development (influence, policy coherence, democratic governance, broader approach to funding);
- review of interventions under the four distinct partnerships; progress report on European and multilateral action;
- financial section and review of communication and accountability activities.
In July2013, France established a grid of 30results indicators (16indicators on bilateral assistance, 14on multilateral assistance).
The aim of this grid is to improve the transparency of our assistance and give a clearer account of the real results of French assistance.
The data corresponding to these indicators will be collected each year and included in the biennial report submitted to Parliament.
In the context of the G8, accountability is a means of evaluating the collective and individual action of G8 countries with regard to the development commitments made during G8summits. In2013, a comprehensive accountability report, covering the nine main intervention sectors of the G8, was produced.
- See the 2013 accountability report of the G8 on the UK Government website (in English)
- See the report summary on the UK Government website (in English)
The main conclusions of this report are as follows:
- Health: between2008 and2011, the G8 countries contributed more than $52billion to the health sector. France’s contribution to this sector increased annually more than any other between 2008 and 2011 (+22%). Thanks to this aid, the rate of new HIV infections in 25developing countries was reduced by 50% between2001 and2011, for example.
Lastly, G8investments into research and development have enabled 43 new drugs to be registered for use over the last ten years, compared to just 13 between 1975and2000.
- Governance: the G8 has made promoting the stability of the rule of law an essential aspect of its cooperation, in particular with regard to African countries. Thus, since2007, the G8 has provided Africa with aid of more than $1billion each year in the field of governance. Anti-corruption measures have been instrumental to the G8’s work in favour of good governance. Between2006 and2009, for example, G8countries returned $122million of corruptly acquired assets to foreign jurisdictions.
- Security: building a safer world and reducing tensions are two of the major challenges addressed by development assistance. The G8countries have played a key role in training 130,000soldiers worldwide since2010. Peacekeeping missions led by the African Union in Somalia and Mali would not have been possible without G8support in terms of logistics, training and equipment.