Not only development policy but also many other public policies have a significant impact on developing countries. The effectiveness of French policy on development and international solidarity therefore depends heavily on the coherence of these national policies as a whole. Actively seeking to create synergies, however complex this may be, and reconciling conflicting goals is therefore encouraged. The Interministerial International Co-operation and Development Committee (CICID), which is chaired by the Prime Minister and brings together all ministers involved in development policy, is responsible for making sure that such policy coherence exists.
France also seeks to ensure that there is public policy coherence when contributing to the construction of European policies. In2005, under the European Consensus on Development, Member States committed to focus on twelve specific areas in order to strengthen their policy coherence with regard to development goals.
In November2009, the Council of the European Union decided to prioritise five of these twelve areas: trade and finance, climate change, food security, migration and security.
The European Union also implemented a new tool: the Policy Coherence for Development Work Programme 2010-2013. This document, which was adopted in2010, presents strategic initiatives to enhance policy coherence for development.
In2010, France identified six policy coherence priorities in conformity with the European Consensus on Development: trade, immigration, foreign investment, food security, social protection and climate change. These priorities were reaffirmed in2013.