Lyon Métropole – city of Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso): developing an economic approach to waste treatment and recovery also helps to combat climate change (08 December, 2015)

According to the World Bank, by 2025, 4.3 billion people will live in cities (+43% compared to 2011) and will generate 2.2 billion tonnes of solid waste (+70% compared to 2011). This increase in waste production primarily concerns Africa and East Asia.

Following exponential population growth, the city of Ouagadougou is faced with the difficult task of urban management, coupled with a lack of financial and human resources. In spite of these difficulties, the municipal authorities of Ouagadougou have undertaken to improve municipal services in order to provide more efficient public services to the population.

Development cooperation organized by Lyon Métropole has helped to build capacities in Ouagadougou, to help the city meet the management and urban development challenges it faces in crucial areas, such as waste recovery.

Ouagadougou would like to set up, among other things, a cleanliness department, with waste collection equipment for the disposal of household waste.

Where?

Ouagadougou, capital of Burkina Faso, Sahel region

How many people will benefit?

An estimated 2,530,000 inhabitants, the population of Ouagadougou in 2015 (1,627,000 in 2012)

Who are the actors involved?

Lyon Métropole

  • Lyon urban planning agency (UrbaLyon)
  • Francophone centre for joint research on sanitation, waste and the environment (CEFREPADE)
  • French Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development

City of Ouagadougou

  • Agence Française de Développement (French Development Agency, AFD)
  • European Union
  • University of Ouagadougou
  • African Capacity Building Foundation (ACBF), set up by the World Bank

When was this partnership set up ?

In 1994, Lyon Métropole (formerly known as Grand Lyon) and the city of Ouagadougou set up a partnership following a meeting between an elected official from the North and one from the South. This partnership takes the form of triennial agreements between the two local governments. Despite political developments, cooperation efforts have moved forward with each cooperation agreement.

Cooperation on waste began in 1994. Since then, cooperation has been extended to other areas (water, land-use plan, Agenda 21, public lighting, municipal police, green spaces, information technology and urban transport).

The project in brief

In 2008, the city of Ouagadougou applied for funding from the European Union for an experimental waste treatment and recovery programme. Ouagadougou and its partners wanted to develop a more economic approach to waste by setting up a waste treatment and recovery industry on a large scale. The aim was to support new economic sectors in this new market, which had the potential to create jobs, while providing concrete solutions to the problem of household waste management in Ouagadougou.

Today, the city of Ouagadougou is considered a model of cleanliness in sub-Saharan Africa, thanks to its competent, organized services. In 2003, it was awarded a United Nations prize for its efforts in this regard.

What action has been taken?

Since 1994, Lyon Métropole has increased the waste collection fleet by sending around fifteen lorries that had been taken out of service; this equipment has enabled the municipal authorities to make significant progress. It is essential to support the maintenance of these vehicles, for better organization and safety. They need to remain in operation, for taking them off the road significantly disrupts the waste collection process and leads to waste accumulating at transit sites.

A landfill site opened in 2005 enables waste to be disposed of in satisfactory environmental conditions. A plastic treatment and recovery plant has been set up, providing 35 stable jobs and other less formal employment. The aim is to establish a sustainable waste management system while reducing the amount of landfill waste.

In 2006, an international training centre for urban professions, CIFAL Ouagadougou, was set up as a place for pooling knowledge and sharing experiences and best practices. The exchange of experiences and the training of supervisors, mechanics, drivers and waste collectors are some of the major benefits of the cooperation project.

“Simon’s women”

Faced with a worrying lack of cleanliness and a high unemployment rate, Simon Compaoré, former mayor of the city, set up a green brigade made up of women without stable employment very shortly after his election. In doing so, he addressed an environmental concern through social action. This green brigade, which now has over 1500 members, is responsible for street-sweeping. “Simon’s women”, as the residents call them, have received several international prizes in recognition of the city’s efforts to effectively tackle cleanliness problems while creating jobs.

Latest developments

The experience gained in the development of sorting in Ouagadougou helped to launch a similar project in the municipality of Porto-Novo in Benin. The staff in charge of the new waste storage centre in Porto-Novo were trained in Ouagadougou.

Seven small units for sorting waste on the spot have created around one hundred jobs without increasing the burden on municipal finances.

Training will continue to be provided on waste management and the upkeep and maintenance of the fleet of heavy vehicles. Projects to extend sorting and develop new recovery processes are also underway.

Image Diaporama - Waste sorting and recovery in Ouagadougou. (...)

Waste sorting and recovery in Ouagadougou. Photo: Louis-Edouard Pouget

Image Diaporama - Waste sorting and recovery in Ouagadougou. (...)

Waste sorting and recovery in Ouagadougou. Photo: Louis-Edouard Pouget

Image Diaporama - Waste sorting and recovery in Ouagadougou. (...)

Waste sorting and recovery in Ouagadougou. Photo: Louis-Edouard Pouget

Image Diaporama - Waste sorting and recovery in Ouagadougou. (...)

Waste sorting and recovery in Ouagadougou. Photo: Louis-Edouard Pouget

Image Diaporama - Waste sorting and recovery in Ouagadougou. (...)

Waste sorting and recovery in Ouagadougou. Photo: Louis-Edouard Pouget

Image Diaporama - 002. Experimental project on using paper/cardboard

002. Experimental project on using paper/cardboard to make briquettes. Photo: Louis-Edouard Pouget

Image Diaporama - 007. Experimental project on using paper/cardboard

007. Experimental project on using paper/cardboard to make briquettes. Photo: Louis-Edouard Pouget

Image Diaporama - 003. Waste sorting and recovery in Ouagadougou.

003. Waste sorting and recovery in Ouagadougou. Photo: Louis-Edouard Pouget

SITE MAP