Promote sex equality and autonomy of women (MDG 3)
Following the example of the international community, notably developing countries, France has made a certain number of undertakings with regards to promoting equality between males and females.
France has notably promoted:
creation of a gender awareness network supporting initiatives and which publishes a quarterly newsletter;
creation of a web site: "genreenaction.net";
evaluation by the IFAID (Training and Support Institute for Development) on the integration of gender into development projects at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs;
participation in financing a symposium entitled "gender, population and development", organised by the National School for Statistics and Applied Economics (ENSEA) and the National Institute for Demographic Studies (INED) and held in Abidjan in July 2001 with an objective of strengthening researcher/project leader communication relative to these questions;
support for the preparation of the Beijing +5 Conference via aid to the CEA (creation of a web site notably);
preparation of a study carried out by the United Nations on violence to women.
preparation and financing, with the World Bank, of the work entitled "Water, Gender and Sustainable Development".
Initiatives have also been supported in specific geographic zones:
management of a 1.3 M€ fund to promote the situation of women in Afghanistan in support of civil initiatives (ADSI, Mothers for Peace..);
support for Morocco Foundation for the reception and insertion of women in Morocco;
preparation of a co-financing project with UNIFEM on "accompanying the evolution of women’s and family rights in Maghreb and Mashrek countries" (2.32 M€);
support for the NGO "Transeuropeennes" to support a project helping women in the Balkans;
preparation of a project in the Yemen for 1 M€.
In addition, the French Development Agency contributes to MDG3 by integrating a gender approach in its education, healthcare, rural development, economic development and rural and urban water management projects. It has defined methodological tools and published a memorandum "Gender and Markets" communicated in the OECD DAC Tipsheets in 2002. More recently it has launched a transversal pilot study into the integration of gender in five water management and treatment projects aimed at better integrating females into each phase of the projects; finally it contributes to national networks (Gender in Action) and international networks (GENDERNET run by the DAC/OECD).