Berlin Declaration by Algeria, Brazil, Chile, France, Germany and Spain (PDF, 141 Ko)
It is the objective of the Group to move ahead the international consensus on a number of new instruments contemplated in the Technical Group’s Report and specified in the Brasilia Joint Declaration dated 11 February 2005 to finance the fight against hunger and poverty. While stressing the centrality of ODA and the importance of aid effectiveness, the Group is convinced that these instruments must form a significant part of the package of the development-finance decisions in the framework of the UN General Assembly`s High-level Dialogue on Financing for Development on 27 and 28 June 2005 and at the September High-level Plenary Meeting of the UN General Assembly in New York. The Group again calls upon all those countries and institutions which share its ambitions to join in this endeavour.
The Group reiterates its aim to pursue discussions on all elements of the "menu of options" outlined in the Group’s Report and detailed in Brasilia, such as nationally applied and internationally coordinated taxation schemes, the allocation of new IMF special drawing rights that could be used for development purposes, as well as coordinated measures to reduce fiscal evasion and foster private voluntary contributions. The Group at the Berlin meeting also agreed to and launched a proposed resolution to be adopted by the United Nations’ General Assembly to facilitate and reduce the cost of remittance flows and to increase its impact on development. The group is of the view that it is also necessary to focus on the concrete measures that appear feasible in the short to medium term and therefore express their support for solidarity contributions so as to fight hunger and poverty and strengthen funding of global sustainable development.
Solidarity contributions would provide new sources of funding where the need is most obvious, enhance the predictability of aid flows and the efficiency of aid provided to the poorest. They would contribute to poverty reduction through an improvement of all essential components of human development.
Project of a solidarity contribution levied on air tickets for global sustainable development
The Group proposes to further work on and pursue the project of a solidarity contribution levied on plane tickets, already supported by Brazil, Chile, France and Germany. The objective of this project is to combat hunger and poverty and finance global sustainable development, inter alia health programmes including the fight against HIV/AIDS and other pandemics.
The mechanism would be based on a small solidarity contribution levied on plane tickets issued to passengers departing from participating countries. In doing so, each participating country could determine, according to national priorities and taking into account economic, social and ecological criteria as appropriate, a differentiation between first/business and economy class tickets as well as domestic and international flights. The different capacities of developed and developing countries should be taken into account. The contribution should be set at levels that would minimize impacts on airlines tourism industry and travellers.
From a legal point of view, the mechanism would work as a conjunction of nationally applied and internationally coordinated contributions. Participating countries would spell out the modalities of their cooperation, in accordance with domestic legislation.
It was agreed that the broadest possible participation by a critical mass of countries should be sought in order to minimize any possible remaining effect on competition and enhance the effectiveness of the proposed mechanism. For the same reasons, passengers in transit should be exempted from the solidarity contribution.
The Group shall jointly promote its objectives at the General Assembly’s High-level Dialogue on Financing for Development on 27 and 28 June as well as at the Summit Meeting of September 2005.