Contributing to the Modernisation of the Public Administration / The State
The Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs supports the administrations of its partner countries by:
Providing support to the reorganisation processes underway in the public administration as part of State reform. The aim is to create a framework conductive to the effective implementation of public policies, building on effective and transparent management, in particular in the field of public finance.
It operates in specific areas of expertise or offers overall support to national State reform programmes, or certain public services (healthcare, education). It supports the reorganisation and reinforcement of the central administration around its strategic functions, as well as the decentralisation processes carried out at the same time. The decentralised departments of the various Ministries must be able to exercise their administrative and technical power, but above all, play their part in providing supporting advice and serving as partner to the decentralised local authorities. The State, with the support of the decentralised departments, guarantees continuing regional cohesion, in particular through regional planning policies.
Support for the modernisation of human resources management, a pre-requisite for the sustainable operation of the renovated institutions.
France’s expertise is deployed in partnership with high-level educational institutes in France and Europe (ENA and the European Studies Centre in Strasbourg, the French National School of Magistrates, the Institute for Public Administration Studies in Maastricht, as well as the Regional Administration Institutes as regards training for middle managers, of growing importance in the decentralised regional authorities, etc.) and with the Council of State, the National Directorate for the Administration and Civil Service (DGAFP) and the National Directorate for the Modernisation of the State (DGME). It is offered in the form of consulting, administrative engineering and training, in the fields of modernisation for public civil service and administrative capacity building. It is deployed in particular in the fields of performance-based management, career management, renovation for civil servant statuses, the elaboration of tools for human resources management, governmental work, regulation, delegated management, improvement in relations between the administrations and workers, etc. The latter entails the production of quality standards and regulatory texts, simplification of procedures, and the institution of one-stop desks for a variety of administrative services. It has, moreover, been fully transformed by the opportunities availed by new information and communications technologies, such as e-administration.
The Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs also supports certain partner countries as they define and implement national training strategies for capacity building in the civil service. For instance, in Cambodia, Togo, Bolivia or Thailand for instance, it supports the creation of schools for civil servants and the development of specific training tools. In Ukraine and Kirghiztan, in partnership with the DGAFP, it performs audits and appraisals on legislation (for Ukraine) and conducts seminars on the modernisation of civil service (human resources management, models for civil servant training, the powers of high civil servants, etc.).
Strengthening of all institutions acting as Rule of Law guarantors
With a view toward instituting a global approach to State reforms, the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs supports the strengthening of institutions guaranteeing respect for basic freedoms, built on the triumvirate of security, justice and dignity for all. For instance, it works to provide capacity-building for the police, law enforcement agencies and customs offices, in compliance with democratic principles. It also contributes to the field of Parliamentary cooperation through support for the drafting of a Constitution in certain countries under reconstruction and action to professionalize the functions of elected officials and civil servants. It supports the institution of independent oversight bodies, such as the Courts of Auditors, which enable citizens to have some visibility on how public funds are used, while also ensuring that the largest possible population has access to that information. Lastly, it supports the mediation bodies working, for instance, in the field of defence for Human Rights and public freedoms (defenders of Human Rights, ombudsman).