The priority placed by the international community on fighting poverty and working toward more effective development aid have contributed to the emergence of new financial support instruments. The mixed results achieved through structural adjustment plans have shown how important it is to implement policies that better take into account national specifics, restoring the role of the State all the while building up participatory processes. The “ownership, alignment and harmonisation” triptych where aid is concerned, set out in the 2005 Paris Declaration has now received broad consensus, with a view toward achieving the Millennium Development Goals.
French aid is officially determined for each partner country under a Framework Partnership Document (FPD), drawn up on the basis of national strategies, which enable greater foreseeability and harmonisation in the action of all French public donors, over a five-year period.
Through general or sector-specific budgetary aid, implemented in particular under the Debt Removal and Development Contracts (C2D), French cooperation is intended to be aligned along national development strategies determined and steered by the partner countries.
The said implementation requires a stable macro-economic framework, as well as a monitoring system enabling greater coordination between donors, in order to ensure transparency. That transparency is fostered by capacity-building in statistics and management on the part of the partner countries, aimed at securing budgetary spending. Lastly, France supports, in addition to its public development aid (APD), greater mobilisation of the partner countries’ internal resources, with an outlook to sustainable funding for poverty-reduction policies.