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Cultural, scientific and technical cooperation

Presentation

The French community in Ukraine is estimated at 1200 people (concentrated in Kiev).

It has one French school: the Collège Anne de Kiev, registered with the AEFE, had 236 students in the 2009 school year (+21%). The school might turn into a secondary school, but real estate costs limit its expansion.

In Kiev, France issues approximately 60,000 visas a year (less than 50,000 in 2009 because of the crisis). The current rejection rate is 5% and the rate of circulation visas is 9%.

The most recent joint cultural, scientific and technical cooperation committee was held in Paris in February 2008. Funds stood at €1,442,500in 2010 (down 4% compared with 2009), assigned in three thirds to:

-   student mobility : encouragement of partnerships between universities and encouragement of studies in France with €450,000 for academic scholarships (between 20 and 30 new long-stay scholarships a year), a CampusFrance office in Kiev with branches in the provinces in the Alliances, an active Ukrainian association of past graduates (AUDESF). The number of long-stay student visas issued in Kiev went from: 400 in 2007, 295 in 2008 (crisis effect). France would be the sixth-leading destination of Ukrainian students abroad (UNESCO source): a total of 26,400 in 2007, including Russia (7200), Germany (6870, which has considerable resources in Kiev), Poland (2670), the United States (1720), Hungary (1450), France (1260) ahead of the Czech Republic, Italy, Austria and the United Kingdom.

-  opening up of young people to the French language and culture : €395,000 in grants for the French Institute in Ukraine (IFU, in Kiev) and €80,000 for the Alliances françaises network (nine, five of which are in provincial capitals). In 2009, there were 3300 people taking IFU courses and 3000 in the Alliances françaises (+20%) - essentially young people.

French (5.5% learners, i.e. 230,000 students) is the third foreign language taught at primary and secondary school in Ukraine, after English (increasing) and German. The Delf and Dalf (French proficiency tests) enjoy growing success (from 770 enrolled in 2006 to 1900 in 2009). There are four French-language courses of study in higher education in Ukraine.

Artistic programming aims to promote contemporary French creation and the discussion of ideas. It is based on highlights: “French Springtime”, “French Language Week”, “Alliance Days” and is in line with the festivals organized by Ukrainians (Molodist film festival, Gogol fest, etc.).

-   institutional cooperation supporting Ukraine-EU rapprochement : two AT (justice and agriculture), support for the “European integration office”, created in July 2008 within the ministers’ office.

Decentralized cooperation

Decentralized cooperation twinnings between French and Ukraine towns are to be resumed on the basis of concrete projects, similar to the Marseille-Odessa twinning (reciprocal visits in 2009).

France is very present in twinning projects funded by the EU: 7 twinnings out of 16 are currently implemented by French project heads: the Space Agency, the Ministry of Transport, Ukraine’s Ministry of the Interior, the National Academy of Public Administration (with ENA).

Based on agreements of 1992 and 1996, security and defence cooperation is developing in three areas: maintenance of a strategic dialogue, support for reform of the armed forces and training military officers. It was the subject of an annual plan (renewed in Oct. 2009 during the 16th joint defence committee).Three military cooperants have been incorporated into the forces’ structures.

This cooperation intervenes with a penniless (€650M budget in 2009, or less than 0.8% of the GDP) and leaderless (Minister fired in June 2009 and not replaced, resignation of the CDS in October 2009) army (170,000 men, of which 40% of professionals), which was supposed to implement the “annual national programme” (ANP) for NATO. It makes a contribution to Opex at the UN, at NATO and the EU (KFOR, Afghanistan, Atalanta, etc.), but has been unable to participate in the EUFOR.

In this area, our cooperation is marginal, alongside American cooperation. However, it represents €750,000 in 2010 in the context of four programmes (Interior reform, army reform, public order, DSDP).

Technical police cooperation was reinforced with the creation of an ASI job (2003), the assignment of a Gendarmerie cooperant with the Troops of the Interior (2005) and the twinning between the Ukrainian and French Ministries of the Interior (€2M out of European funds for 2008-2010). Operational cooperation is not always satisfactory, in particular in the area of the fight against illegal immigration.

Updated on 123.02.10

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