Cultural, scientific and technical cooperation/B_descRubAff1>
Turkey is France’s leading partner in this area in Europe, level with Germany in terms of cooperation funds (more than 5 billion euros for 2008, 2009 and 2010).
The Turks are seeking institutional and technical cooperation (including civil service and land management), especially important in terms of acquiring acquis communautaire. Such cooperation is aimed at strengthening the rule of law, civil liberties and increasing administrative capacity by providing senior officials with training in European affairs, training prefects and judges, and supporting the modernization of the police forces.
Education and linguistic cooperation is intended to support the educational reform under way in Turkey and revive the instruction of French. Because despite the longstanding establishment of the French language, only 2.2% of Turkish students speak French. The goal is to move from 15,000 French learners per year to approximately 30,000 in 2011, by seizing the opportunity offered by the recent establishment of a compulsory second language in Anatolian secondary schools. The instruments of French as a world language are:
- A network of bilingual institutions that includes: the secondary school and University of Galatasaray, six private French Congregational institutions, Turkey’s private nondenominational Tevfik Fikret foundation;
- MICEL (Mission de Coopération Éducative et Linguistique, the Educational and Linguistic Cooperation Mission), a financially independent institution (établissement à autonomie financière, EAF) created in 1994, which employs 117 teachers.
In the area of research, which is booming in Turkish society, the priority is structuring the cooperation around the Bosphorus Programme (Hubert Curien Partnership) with Tübitak (equivalent of the CNRS).
In the area of social and human sciences and archaeology, we have a remarkable instrument with the Institut français d’études Anatoliennes (French Institute of Anatolian Studies, IFEA), “Georges Dumézil”, founded in Istanbul in 1930. Turkey is still our leading European partner in archaeology.
In the area of university cooperation, the number of Turkish students who choose France for their studies (2,201 in 2006/2007) and the number of scholarships from the French government (320 in 2006) are growing but remain insufficient. France is the third-leading host country (after Germany and the United States). Our policy is organized around four actions: promoting higher education in France with the creation of two Campus France branches, a jointly funded scholarship programme (168 scholarships in 2008), Turkish support of the European Higher Education Area through the promotion of Jean Monnet scholarships and the European Erasmus programme, maintaining our special ties with Galatasaray University, created in 1992 (7 faculties, 2,417 students, 30 professors positions).
Cultural and artistic cooperation is based on a system of major cultural institutes in Turkey and, since 1 January 2009, Turkey has been a pilot country for the implementation of the grouping of all of the cooperation services and cultural institutes (with the exception of the MICEL) together within a single financially independent institution (EAF), the “Institut français de Turquie” (French Institute of Turkey).
Updated on 06.04.10