Other types of cooperation
Cross-border cooperation is a key aspect of Franco-Swiss ties, concerning ten cantons and half of the Swiss population. It plays an increasingly greater part in bilateral ties with France, as about 110,000 cross-border workers go to Switzerland to work every day. In spite of the excellent quality of cross-border-related exchanges, the different distribution of responsibilities between the State and the various local communities in France and Switzerland makes them extremely complex.
The institutional component is based on a global legal framework, the Karlsruhe Agreement and three neighbourhood agreements that created commissions in the Franco-Geneva area, in the Upper Rhine region, as well as the arc jurassien (Jura arch). A meeting on 21 January 2005 between the two foreign affairs ministers made it possible to agree to the principle of regular meetings of civil servants to monitor cross-border cooperation, the objective of which is the early identification of problems that must be handled by central authorities, possibly at the political level. The sixth Franco-Swiss political dialogue on cross-border issues took place on 14 June 2010 in Paris. All cooperation issues were addressed (transport, planned cross-border agglomeration around Geneva, free movement of people and services, cooperation in the event of a pandemic, etc.).
The scale of the phenomenon of cross-border employment has created some tension around Geneva, where the MCG (Mouvement des Citoyens Genevois) siphoned off 15% of the votes in the cantonal elections in October 2009, conducting a campaign focusing on the need to keep jobs for Genevans and fighting against the “invasion of Geneva by cross-border commuters”.
Military cooperation with Switzerland is among the most important that France maintains with its neighbours in terms of volume of activity. Given Switzerland’s neutrality, it operates essentially in the area of training and exchanges of expertise. Because of Switzerland’s geographic position and role as a transit or springboard country for many illegal migration flows to Western Europe, our joint actions are increasing. Intergovernmental cooperation agreements in the area of cross-border air transport security were signed in Bern on 26 November 2004 and 27 October 2005, authorizing the right of cross-border pursuit, among other things. The Franco-Swiss cross-border judicial, police and customs cooperation agreement of 11 May 1998 came into effect in 2009
Updated on 03.11.11