France and Somalia

Political relations

The Somali Federal Government and the international community made mutual commitments in a document called the “Compact for Somalia” in the framework of the “New Deal” in Brussels in September 2013, setting out guidelines for the country’s reconstruction and announcing financial commitments totalling €1.8 billion. A conference took place in Copenhagen in November 2014 to monitor those commitments.

France’s action and support in Somalia is mainly channelled through the United Nations and the European Union.

• Over the period 2008-2013, the European Union devoted €412 million to development projects in four main areas: governance, education, the social sector and economic development, of which France contributed 20%. France also contributes to EU actions supporting the stabilization of Somalia and the fight against maritime piracy in the Horn of Africa, through three missions: EUNAVFOR Atalanta (operation to combat piracy off the coast), EUTM Somalia (training of Somali armed forces), and EUCAP Nestor (maritime and judicial capacity building to combat piracy).

• France contributes financially, through its compulsory contributions, to the UN scheme financing a logistical support package for the African Union Military Observer Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), disbursed by the United Nations Support Office for AMISOM (UNSOA) – currently $490 million – as well as to a political mission on the ground (United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia, UNSOM).

At bilateral level, France, in partnership with the International Organization for Migration (IOM), provided €300,000 of funding in 2014 for a veterans’ transitioning centre in Baidoa. As regards humanitarian assistance, in 2014, France took part in the food aid aspect of the International Committee of the Red Cross programme for Somalia (€320,000), and supported an emergency food aid project by the NGO Solidarités International in the Gedo region (€300,000).

The first cultural festival in over 20 years was held in Mogadishu on 22 June 2014 with the support of the French Embassy.

Updated: 21 February 2016