Cultural, scientific and technical cooperation/B_descRubAff1>
Cultural, scientific and technical cooperation
Mauritania is one of the African countries receiving the most per capita aid from international donors (of the order of USD100 of Official Development Aid (ODA) per inhabitant, equivalent to one quarter of the country’s GDP). On 26 May 2003, France cancelled €37 million of debt owed by Mauritania.
With net outpayments of over USD25 million annually (source: OECD) plus its contributions to the European Development Fund and the World Bank, France was the biggest contributor to aid to Mauritania over the past five years. In 2008, France granted Mauritania €20.4 million in bilateral payments net of ODA. In the wake of the August 2008 coup, France had suspended any further civil cooperation projects, with the exception of food and humanitarian aid. The holding of Presidential elections on 18 July 2009 and the country’s return to constitutional order paved the way for the return of bilateral and international cooperation in Mauritania.
Net ODA to Mauritania in 20101 was USD373 million, unchanged on 2009, of which 34% was in the form of bilateral aid. In June 2011, the French Development Agency (AFD) renewed its support for public sector reform with a further concessional budget support loan of €45 million to restore electricity utility Somelec to financial viability. AFD sovereign loans to Mauritania represented €20 million in 2010 and €45 million in 2011. A budget support loan of €6.3 million was granted to Mauritania in 2012.
AFD activities in Mauritania over the period 2008 - 2011
Since 2007, the total volume of AFD grants to Mauritania, excluding overall budget aid and Debt Reduction-Development Contracts (C2Ds), has amounted to €148.5 million. In addition, Mauritania has benefited over the past five years from grants totalling €13.7 million, in the form of overall budget aid (€3 million) and the C2D (€10.7 million). AFD commitments for 2012 will be higher, at close on €59 million.
Grants (€ million) 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Grants (€ million) – 1.1 76.2 36.6 48.2
The Debt Reduction-Development Contracts (C2Ds) will be implemented by AFD (1st C2D 2002/2005 for €14.6 million – 2nd C2D 2006/2008 for €11.85 million – 3rd C2D 2009/2013 for €17.4 million, concentrating on access to employment for young people and vulnerable groups).
AFD funding since 2007 has focused on access to basic services (health, education, water and sanitation), support for productive sectors (mining, electricity, local development) and financing for the private sector (via Proparco, using tools such as ARIZ credit guarantees and mesofinance to deal with banks and provide support for small businesses).
Updated on 10.01.13