Mali – Agreement between the transitional authorities and the armed movements in the north (June 19, 2013)
The agreement was signed on June 18, 2013, between the transitional authorities and the armed MNLA and HCUA Tuareg groups, under the auspices of ECOWAS. The United Forces of Patriotic Resistance and the Arab Movement of Azawad also signed a declaration of adherence to this agreement.
This preliminary agreement will allow the process to resolve the crisis to continue:
It reaffirms the principles of unity, territorial integrity for Mali and dialogue;
It allows for the immediate return of Mali’s government and armed forces to Kidal, with the support of the African forces;
Following the conclusion of a comprehensive agreement, the armed groups will be confined to barracks and disarmed. A joint committee, consisting of 4 members of the army and 4 members from the groups in the north, will determine the conditions and timing of the return of the army and the government once the agreement has been signed.
The agreement provides for an inclusive dialogue which will take place within 60 days of the newly elected government taking office. This dialogue will focus on all issues relating to northern Mali: justice, reorganization of the security forces, development, administrative and territorial organization of Mali.
The international community, guarantor of the agreement, will support its implementation:
In the area of security: AFISMA and then MINUSMA, will oversee the confinement to barracks, and support the deployment of the Malian security forces to Kidal;
At the political level: a monitoring committee, chaired by the United Nations secretary-general’s special representative, will bring together ECOWAS, the African Union, the EU, France, the United States and the countries of the region.