France and Indonesia
For France, Indonesia is one of the driving forces in the ASEAN and regional diplomacy. “France and Indonesia share a common vision of international society and are both committed to democratic values, human rights and tolerance. They also have a common aspiration for a more equitable, transparent and democratic international order, and for a stronger multilateral system in a culturally diversified world where the rule of law prevails” (excerpt from the preamble of the strategic partnership).
A strategic partnership was concluded during the visit of Prime Minister François Fillon, on 30 June and 1 July 2011. It follows the political declaration issued on the occasion of President Yudhoyono’s visit to France on 14 December 2009 and focuses on consolidating bilateral cooperation on political and security issues, the economy, development, education and culture, and increased exchanges between civil societies. Four agreements were also signed during the Prime Minister’s visit to Jakarta. They focus on cooperation in the fields of energy and mineral resources, museums, higher education and tourism.
Bilateral strategic dialogue was launched during the visit to Jakarta by the French Minister of Foreign Affairs in August 2013 and continued during the visit to Paris by the Indonesian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr Marty Natalegawa, on 25 January 2014. The Minister met with his counterpart in September and December 2015. The French President met with his Indonesian counterpart, President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo, on the sidelines of the G20 Summit in Brisbane in November 2014.
December 2015: Meeting between the French and Indonesian Ministers of Foreign Affairs in New York and on the sidelines of COP21 in Le Bourget
September 2015: Meeting between the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of France and Indonesia in New York, on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly.
January 2015: Visit to Jakarta by Mr Michel Sapin, Minister of Finance and Public Accounts
November 2014: Meeting between the French and Indonesian Presidents in Brisbane (G20 Summit)
January 2014: Visit to Paris by Marty Natalegawa, Indonesian Minister of Foreign Affairs
August 2013: Visit to Jakarta by Laurent Fabius, French Minister of Foreign Affairs
June 2013: Visit to Jakarta by Ms Bricq, Minister for Foreign Trade
November 2012: Meeting between the Presidents of France and Indonesia on the sidelines of the ASEM Summit in Vientiane
January and November 2011: Meeting between the French and Indonesian Presidents in Davos followed by Cannes (G20 Summit)
July 2011: Visit to Jakarta by French Prime Minister François Fillon (conclusion of the strategic partnership)
February 2011: Visit to Jakarta by Ms Lagarde, French Minister for the Economy, Industry and Employment
October 2010: Meeting between the French Minister of Foreign and European Affairs and his Indonesian counterpart, Mr Marty Natalegawa, on the sidelines of the ASEM Summit
December 2009: Visit to Paris by President Yudhoyono
In 2014, France recorded its second consecutive trade surplus with Indonesia (€131.4m, following a surplus of €43m in 2013). For the record, it had a bilateral deficit of €404.1 million in 2012 and €740.4 million in 2011.
French exports to Indonesia have increased by 3.4% to €1.66 billion. They are largely dominated by the sector of transport equipment (up 14.6% to €0.97 billion) which accounts for 58.4 % of the total, and the agri-food industry (up 37.7% to €0.17 billion). Imports have fallen for the third consecutive year, down 2.2% to €1.53 billion.
Indonesia is the 43rd-largest buyer of French exports (37th in 2013) with 0.4% of total exports and its 46th-largest supplier (40th in 2012) with 0.3 % of total imports. Indonesia ranks as France’s 47th-largest trading partner and its 53rd-largest trade surplus.
One hundred French companies are set up in Indonesia, most of which are large groups (e.g. Total, Alstom, Schneider Electric France Télécom, Aventis, Suez, Lafarge). There have been more-recent arrivals in tourism (Accor), the agri-food industry (Danone), chemistry (Air Liquide), insurance (AXA), retail (Carrefour) and cosmetics (L’Oréal).
See also the website of the Directorate-General of the Treasury:
Our cooperation aims to support Indonesia’s development as a newly-emerging country. It thus prioritizes research (rural ¬ development, aquaculture, volcanology, geophysics, archaeology), academic exchanges (mainly in the fields of technology and biological sciences), vocational training, support for strengthening ¬ the rule of law and democratic governance (legislative technical assistance, fighting terrorism and corruption, decentralization, training in human rights) and implementing quality cultural action (“Le Printemps français” cultural festival, audiovisual ¬ policy).
- French Development Agency (AFD)
The AFD has been active in Indonesia since 2007, where it is working on climate and biodiversity projects. It has developed a project portfolio of about €1 billion, in particular by financing a number of activities in the energy sector (upgrading the Java-Bali electricity distribution network for US$50 million, a power transmission project in West Kalimantan for US$50 million), strengthening the electricity transmission network in the Jakarta conurbation, transport (urban transport project in Bandung – €46 million), biodiversity and the sea (pilot project for eco-fishing ports for €90 million).
The cooperation network in Indonesia is based on the French Institute of Indonesia (IFI) in Jakarta (including a branch in Wijaya) and outside the capital in Bandung, Yogyakarta, Surabaya and Dili (East Timor), as well as four Alliances Françaises in Medan, Denpasar, Semarang and Balikpapan.
The French language remains an important attractiveness factor for our region: 20% of incoming mobility from Indonesia is for language training in France. About 45,000 students are learning French in secondary schools (lycées), 6,000 in 12 universities and over 8,000 in the network (French Institute of Indonesia and Alliances françaises).
There are also three establishments accredited by the French Ministry of National Education:
the lycée international français in Jakarta (543 students), approved by the Agency for French Education Abroad (AEFE);
The école internationale française in Bali (282 pupils), a partner of the AEFE.
“Total” school in Balikpapan, affiliated to the Mission Laïque française (76 pupils).
- University and scientific cooperation
France ranks 11th in world in terms of the number of Indonesian students it hosts, with 787 students hosted in 2013-2014, a number which has trebled since 2008.
Promotion of French higher education in Indonesia is based mainly on a scholarship programme with co-financing of €1.7 million by the Indonesian authorities, universities, companies and foundations, and based on the presence of information centres on academic studies in France (Warung Prancis) located in 26 universities which also offer French language courses and certification.
In addition, there are over 120 agreements between Indonesian universities and French institutions, their number having increased sixfold since 2013.
In the field of research, an average of €310,000 is granted each year, representing about 20 % of the Embassy’s cooperation budget. Scientific cooperation is based in particular on the existence in Indonesia of the Institute of Research for Development (IRD), the French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development (CIRAD) and the French School of Asian Studies (EFEO).
France and Indonesia have also developed joint mobility and training programmes to help build scientific networks between the two countries, along the lines of the Hubert Curien “Nusantara” Partnership and regional thematic programmes run by the MAEDI on science and information and communication technology (STIC-Asie) and natural substances (BIO-Asie).