France and Djibouti


Political relations

Visits to France

  • President of the Republic of Djibouti HE Mr Ismail Omar Guelleh: official visit on 21 December 2011, Elysée Summit in December 2013;
  • Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Mr Mahmoud Ali Youssouf (July 2013);
  • Minister of Defence, Mr Hassan Darar Houffaneh (attended the parade of 14 July 2014).
  • Prime Minister Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed on 15 August 2014 (attended the French Navy International Fleet Review in Toulon to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the Landing in Provence)

Visits to Djibouti

  • President of the French Republic (January 2010).

Economic relations

Bilateral trade between France and Djibouti is at a relatively low level, with a balance that is structurally in surplus for our country (imports are almost non-existent).

French foreign direct investment (FDI) flows average €10.4 million per year, with a stock that was worth €19 million at the end of 2012. In addition to the companies created several decades ago by French nationals, there are a dozen French concerns including the Banque pour le Commerce et l’Industrie Mer Rouge - BCI MR (a subsidiary of BRED-Banque Populaire), Total, Colas, Stereau, Air France, CMA CGM and the Bolloré Group.

There are interesting business opportunities for French companies in the areas of services, infrastructure work, equipment and telecommunications.

Cultural, scientific and technical cooperation

In July 2013, the Interministerial Committee for International Cooperation and Development (CICID) confirmed the putting of Djibouti on the list of French cooperation priority countries.

Cooperation is very dynamic:

  • Cultural cooperation takes place in close partnership with the French Institute of Djibouti (IFD);
  • The Alliance Franco-Djiboutienne is an important element of our language cooperation in Djibouti;
  • French scientific cooperation relies primarily on the Djibouti Study and Research Centre (CERD) to support different areas of research;
  • Inter-university scientific cooperation has developed: launch of the promotion of French higher education, opening of the Campus France centre, scheduling of scientific visits for doctors and post-doctoral students from Djibouti;
  • Cooperation in the area of governance has been restarted by increasing the number of training scholarships – that are all cofinanced – to strengthen Djibouti administrations.

Military cooperation

The Defence Cooperation Treaty between France and Djibouti was signed on 21 December 2011 in Paris. It entered into force on 1 May 2014. By that Treaty, France reaffirmed its commitment to the independence and territorial integrity of the Republic of Djibouti. The Treaty sets out the operational facilities granted to stationed French forces, which make up our largest military base abroad with some 1900 troops.

Military cooperation is implemented through:

  • military operational cooperation with the Djibouti Armed Forces,
  • bilateral military cooperation with the different countries in the Horn of Africa,
  • multilateral military cooperation with regional elements of the African Union’s Eastern Africa Standby Force (EASF),
  • civil-military actions for the benefit of the population,
  • assistance to supplement relief operations carried out on land and sea by the Djibouti authorities.

Updated: 20.02.16

In this section